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Hops: fa'idodi, sakamako masu illa, sashi da hulɗa

Hops: fa'idodi, sakamako masu illa, sashi da hulɗa

Cathy Wong ƙwararriyar abinci ce kuma ƙwararriyar lafiya.Ayyukanta sau da yawa suna fitowa a kafofin watsa labarai kamar Na Farko Ga Mata, Duniyar Mata da Lafiyar Halitta.
Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, ƙwararren likitan acupuncturist ne, likitan ganyayyaki da kuma likitan haɗin gwiwa, yana aiki a Santa Monica, California.
Hops furanni ne na shukar hop (Humulus lupulus) da ake amfani da su don yin giya.Baya ga ba da dandano ga malt da Pilsner giya, mutane kuma sun yi imanin cewa hops na da kyau ga lafiya.Yawancin waɗannan sun kasance saboda mahadi da aka samu a cikin tsire-tsire masu siffar artichoke, ciki har da flavonoids xanthohumol da 8-prenylnaringenin da kuma mahimman mai humulene da lupinine.
Magungunan madadin sunyi imani da cewa waɗannan mahadi suna da maganin kumburi, damuwa, analgesic (jin zafi) har ma da maganin ciwon daji.Wasu daga cikin waɗannan da'awar sun fi wasu tallafi da bincike fiye da wasu.
Hops ya kasance wani muhimmin sashi a cikin shayarwar giya fiye da shekaru 1,000 kuma ana amfani dashi don dalilai na magani tun tsakiyar zamanai.A yau, masu sana'a na ganye da masu kera suna da'awar cewa ƙara hops a cikin abincinku na iya inganta lafiyar ku gaba ɗaya har ma da hana wasu cututtuka.
Likitoci na farko sun lura cewa masu tsinin hop suna cikin sauƙin gajiya a lokacin girbi, kuma sun yi imanin cewa sakamakon ya samo asali ne daga ɗanɗano mai ɗanɗano da tsire-tsire da aka yanke.A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, masana kimiyya sun tabbatar da cewa humulene da lupinine da aka samu a cikin hops suna da tasirin kwantar da hankali kuma suna iya samun aikace-aikacen likita.
Wasu ƙananan nazarin sun binciki tasirin hops akan sake zagayowar barci ta hanyar amfani da giya maras barasa.A cikin binciken da aka buga a PLoS One a cikin 2012, ma'aikatan jinya mata a kan canje-canje ko lokutan dare sun sha giya maras barasa na makonni biyu a abincin dare.Masu bincike sun yi amfani da na’urar tantance barcin hannu don lura da yanayin barcin da batutuwan ke ciki, kuma sun gano cewa giya ba wai kawai ta taimaka musu wajen yin barci cikin sauri na mintuna 8 ba, har ma da rage yawan damuwa.
Waɗannan sakamakon sun yi kama da binciken 2014 na ɗaliban koleji 30.Binciken na makonni uku ya yi amfani da tambayoyin ingancin barci don tantance halayen barci.Bayan sati na farko, an umurci daliban da su sha giyar da ba ta barasa ba a abincin dare na tsawon kwanaki 14 masu zuwa.Marubutan binciken sun ba da rahoton ci gaba mai mahimmanci a cikin ƙimar barci da lokacin barci.
Sauran bincike sun mayar da hankali kan amfani da hops da valerian don magance rashin barci.Dangane da nazari na 2010 na nazarin Ostiraliya, haɗa hops tare da valerian na iya taimakawa wajen magance rashin barci.A cikin binciken 16 da aka yi bitar, 12 sun gano cewa wannan haɗin yana inganta ingancin barci kuma yana rage lokacin da ake ɗaukar barci.
A wasu lokuta, wannan yana nufin yin karin sa'o'i biyu da rabi a dare da kuma farkawa da dare da kashi 50%.Waɗannan illolin na iya zama masu fa'ida musamman ga mutanen da ke aiki a cikin canje-canje, kuma suna iya tabbatar da cewa suna da amfani don magance ƙarancin damuwa.
Haɗuwa da hops tare da valerian da passionflower na iya zama ingantaccen madadin magungunan bacci.Nazarin 2013 ya kwatanta kwayar barci Ambien (Zolpidem) tare da haɗin ganyayyaki na hops, valerian, da passionflower kuma ya gano cewa duka biyu suna da tasiri daidai.
Flavonoid 8-prenylnaringenin da aka samo a cikin hops an rarraba shi azaman phytoestrogens-wani fili na shuka wanda ke kwaikwayon aikin estrogenic na hormone jima'i na mace.Wasu mutane sun yi imanin cewa 8-prenylnaringenin zai iya taimakawa wajen ƙara yawan aikin estrogen a cikin jiki da kuma shawo kan alamun rashin isrogen (rashin isrogen).
Tun da zafi mai zafi da gumi na dare waɗanda yawanci ke rakiyar menopause suna haifar da raguwar isrojin, hops na iya taimaka musu.
A cewar wani bincike na 2010 a Finland, matan mazan jiya sun sami ƙarancin walƙiya mai zafi, gumi na dare har ma da ƙarancin sha'awar jima'i bayan shan ruwan hop na tsawon makonni takwas idan aka kwatanta da mata masu shan placebo.
Bugu da ƙari, wannan tsattsauran ra'ayi ba ya da wasu sakamako masu illa na maganin maye gurbin hormone na al'ada (HRT), irin su kumburi, ciwon kafa, rashin narkewa, da ciwon kai.
Atherosclerosis, wanda aka fi sani da arteriosclerosis, wani yanayi ne wanda plaque ke taruwa a cikin arteries kuma yana iya haifar da bugun zuciya ko bugun jini.A fili xanthohumol a cikin hops an yi imani da cewa yana da tasirin anti-restenosis, wanda ke nufin zai iya taimakawa wajen shakatawa da jini da kuma inganta yanayin jini.
Wani bincike na Jafananci na 2012 ya gano cewa berayen da aka ciyar da hop xanthohumol tsantsa sun sami karuwa mai yawa a cikin "mai kyau" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, wanda ya dace da raguwa a cikin hadarin atherosclerosis.
Bugu da ƙari, an lura da wannan karuwa a cikin babban adadin lipoprotein mai yawa a cikin apolipoprotein E, furotin mai mahimmanci ga mai mai da kuma rigakafin cututtukan zuciya.
Bisa ga binciken da Jami'ar Jihar Oregon ta yi, irin wadannan illolin na iya amfanar masu kiba ta hanyar inganta rage kiba, rage kitsen ciki, rage karfin jini, da kuma kara karfin insulin.
Akwai ƙananan shaida cewa hops na iya hana ciwon daji kai tsaye.Duk da haka, mahaɗin xanthohumol yana da alama yana da maganin ciwon daji kuma wata rana zai iya haifar da ci gaba da sababbin hanyoyin maganin ciwon daji.
Bisa wani nazari na nazarin kasar Sin a shekarar 2018, xanthohumol na iya kashe wasu nau'o'in ciwon daji a cikin binciken gwajin gwajin gwaji, ciki har da ciwon nono, ciwon hanji, ciwon daji na ovarian, ciwon hanta, melanoma, cutar sankarar bargo, da kuma ciwon huhu mara ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta.
Flavonoids suna yin hakan ta hanyoyi da yawa.A wasu lokuta, xanthohumol shine cytotoxic, wanda ke nufin cewa zai iya "guba" kai tsaye kuma ya kashe kwayoyin cutar kansa (da sauran ƙwayoyin da ke kewaye).A wasu lokuta, yana haifar da apoptosis, wanda kuma aka sani da tsarin mutuwar kwayar halitta.
Ciwon daji yana faruwa ne lokacin da ƙwayoyin sel suka canza kuma ba su ci gaba da aiwatar da tsarin apoptosis ba, yana ba su damar haifuwa mara iyaka.Idan masana kimiyya za su iya tantance yadda xanthohumol ke kunna apoptosis a cikin kwayoyin cutar kansa, wani magani da aka samu na hop wanda zai iya juyar da wasu cututtukan daji na iya bayyana wata rana.
An kuma yi nazarin hops a matsayin mai yuwuwar maganin baƙin ciki da sauran matsalolin yanayi.Wani bincike na 2017 da aka buga a mujallar Hormones ya gano cewa kari na yau da kullum na hops zai iya rage damuwa, damuwa da damuwa.
A cikin gwaji na asibiti da aka sarrafa placebo, matasa 36 da ke da ƙarancin damuwa sun ɗauki 400 milligrams (MG) na McCarlin hops ko placebo na makonni 4.A ƙarshen binciken, mutanen da suka ɗauki hops suna da ƙananan matakan damuwa, damuwa, da damuwa idan aka kwatanta da ƙungiyar placebo.
Masu binciken sun kuma auna matakin cortisol na hormone damuwa a cikin binciken, amma ba su sami wani dangantaka tsakanin matakin cortisol da amfani da hops ba.
Lokacin da aka sha don dalilai na kiwon lafiya, mutane sun yi imanin cewa abubuwan da ake amfani da su na hop suna da lafiya kuma suna da ƙananan illa.Wasu mutane na iya jin gajiya;shan kayan lambu kafin kwanciya barci na iya taimakawa yawanci rage tasirin wannan alamar.
Hops kuma na iya haifar da rashin lafiyan giciye a cikin mutanen da ke fama da rashin lafiyar pollen birch (yawanci tare da kurji mai laushi da cunkoso).
Ba a bayyana ba a wane nau'in kari na hop ke da amfani ko kuma a cikin wane yanayi na iya zama cutarwa.Ana ba da kayan kariyar Hop a cikin 300 MG zuwa 500 MG kuma ana ɗaukar su lafiya a cikin wannan kewayon.
Ya kamata a guje wa hops a wasu ƙungiyoyi, gami da marasa lafiya na baƙin ciki waɗanda alamun su na iya yin muni.Mutanen da ke da cututtukan da suka dogara da isrogen, ciki har da endometriosis, gynecomastia (gynecomastia) da wasu nau'in ciwon nono, ya kamata su guje wa hops saboda ayyukan estrogenic.
Saboda tasirin sa na kwantar da hankali, yakamata a dakatar da kari na hop makonni biyu kafin a yi aikin tiyata saboda suna iya kara tasirin maganin sa barci.Don wannan dalili, ya kamata ku guje wa shan hops tare da barasa, magungunan barci, ko wasu abubuwan damuwa na tsarin juyayi na tsakiya.
Kariyar kayan abinci baya buƙatar yin gwajin gwaji da bincike kamar magunguna.Saboda wannan dalili, ingancin kari na iya bambanta daga alama zuwa alama.Don tabbatar da inganci da aminci, da fatan za a zaɓi abubuwan kari kawai daga amintattun masana'antun masana'anta.
Ko da yake yawancin masana'antun bitamin da son rai suna ƙaddamar da abubuwan kariyar su don ingantaccen gwaji ta hukumomin ba da takaddun shaida masu zaman kansu (kamar US Pharmacopoeia da dakunan gwaje-gwaje na mabukaci), wannan aikin ba ya zama ruwan dare a tsakanin masana'antun kari na ganye.
Ko da wane irin nau'in da kuka zaɓa, ku tuna cewa har yanzu ba a ƙayyade amincin abubuwan kari ga mata masu juna biyu, masu shayarwa da yara ba.
Shin giya yana da darajar magani?Yana da wuya a ba da shawarar shan giya don magance kowace cuta.Ko da yake wasu likitoci sun ba da shawarar shan gilashin jan giya a rana don rage haɗarin cututtukan zuciya, babu bayanai da ke nuna cewa giya yana da irin wannan fa'ida.
Za a iya amfani da sabo hops maimakon kari?Dangane da batun hops, ba su da daɗi sosai kuma suna da wahalar narkewa.Amma idan aka cusa su da abinci, suna ba da ɗanɗano wanda mutane da yawa ke samun kyan gani (kuma, mai yiwuwa, yawancin flavonoids da mahimman mai suna da kyau ga lafiyar ku).
Idan ana so, za ku iya amfani da su don dandana shayi ko ƙara ɗanɗano mai ɗaci ga wasu abinci, irin su custard, ice cream, da marinades na nama.
Don yin shayi mai kankara, ƙara ½ oza na busassun hops zuwa gilashin ruwa da gilashin sukari.Tafasa waɗannan kuma jiƙa na minti 10.Bayan an huce sai a zuba lita 2 (½ gallon) na lemun tsami da kankara sannan a yi hidima.
A ina zan iya siyan sabbin hops?Yana da wuya a sami sabbin hops a wajen dashen shuka, kodayake yawancin lambu na gida yanzu suna girma a cikin bayan gida.Hakanan ana iya siyan hops azaman busassun pellets ko ganye don yin giyar gida.
Yi rajista don wasiƙar Tips na Kiwon Lafiya na yau da kullun don karɓar shawarwarin yau da kullun don taimaka muku rayuwa mafi koshin lafiya.
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Kyrou I, Christou A, Panagiotakos D, da dai sauransu Tasirin hops (Humulus lupulus L.) busassun tsantsa karin kayan abinci a kan raunin da aka ba da rahoton kai, damuwa, da matakan damuwa na matasa masu lafiya a fili: bazuwar, mai sarrafa wuribo, sau biyu. makaho, nazarin matukin jirgi na crossover.Hormones (Athen).2017;16 (2): 171-180.doi:10.14310/horm.2002.1738


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